Kunisada: Actor with Gama Sennin, the Toad Immortal and Frog Battle Robe (Sold)
Artist: Utagawa Kunisada (1786-1865)
Title: Actor with Robe Featuring Gama Sennin, the Toad Immortal and Frog Battle
Series: Eiyu mitate junin otoko (Prosperous Actors of Kabuki as Ten Dandy Men)
Date: Ca. 1848
Actor who may be known for the role of Kenkaya Goroemon, perhaps from the play “Gokusai shiki musume ogi“. His robe features Gama Sennin, the Toad Immortal at left. He performs a magical mudra and sits beneath drying pumpkin vines. Below are frogs participating in a (mock?) battle, wielding various plants as their weapons. The actor’s towel has a pattern of a stylized monkey and two monkeys create the shape of the title cartouche.
Regarding this series of ten actor portraits, the first word, eiyu, is a play on words, as it is normally written as 英雄, meaning “ hero“ (of a war). However here eiyu is written as 栄優, referring to “the most popular actors. The second word, mitate, means “comparison” and junin otoko means “ten men”. In Kabuki “Date-otoko” means “ninkyo,“ men of chivalrous spirit, namely those with the edokko (Edoite) temperament. They are very popular figures of Kabuki dramas.
The actors in this set wear similar styles of kimono and the attributes of dandy men of Edo. These include a sword, a shakuhachi flute, a tobacco pouch, and a towel. On each fantastic kimono design we see the related scene of the actors and their roles in Kabuki drama. The name of the series is followed by the subtitles with the names of their famous kabuki roles. Although Kunisada omits the names of the actors, he puts many visual hints related to the stories and the actors , especially the scenes on their kimono layers and the symbols on the obi sash belts and towels. Therefore the people of Edo at that time knew exactly who they were. Each title cartouche is framed with the specific attributes of the plays. The names of the actors did not appear on the series due to the fact that the censorship under the Tenpo Reforms restricted the publication of Kabuki actors’ portraits. In 1845 the restrictions officially ended; however the publishers of Ukiyo-e were cautious and it is said that they continued to stick to the restrictions. The artists had to be especially creative during this time when it came to actor prints. (With thanks to Michiko Sato-Grube for her research on this artwork.)
Condition: Excellent impression and color. Very good condition. Binding holes at left. Unbacked and untrimmed.
Dimensions: ôban (35.6 x 24.5 cm)
Signature: Upon the request of the publisher (hangimoto no oju ) Kochoro Toyokuni ga (with Toshidama seal in red)